Whether it’s called an IED (improvised explosive device), a VBIED (vehicle-borne IED), or the more common names of roadside bombs and car bombs, Improvised Threats became the insurgents’ weapon of choice in Afghanistan and Iraq in the early 2000’s when the U.S. established military superiority. While the insurgents no longer had access to or the ability to use mortars, cannons or tanks, they found plenty of mortar and tank rounds or artillery shells scattered across the land after decades of war. Paired with low-tech detonators and a cheap cell phone or spool of wire, these Improvised Threats soon started inflicting casualties on U.S. and allied troops. Hidden in potholes, buried in dirt curbs, or tucked in the trunks of innocent-looking family cars – sometimes carrying innocent family members – these bombs fundamentally changed how we move and defend ourselves.
Fast forward to 2016, the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization is tackling this evolving problem in a three-pronged approach designed to create a 360-degree counter-IED support system for the warfighter:
Improvised Threats have grown in sophistication and popularity, and are now being used in other conflicts around the world. Individually, they are crude weapons, but collectively, they can give insurgents a tactical advantage on an asymmetric battlefield. JIDO recognizes the need to sustain efforts that enable the defeat of improvised threats globally, and further enable troops’ preparation to counter such threats when they arise. JIDO continues to rapidly provide capabilities to a joint force and informs a proactive, threat-defeat approach. JIDO is an enduring capability bringing to bear a rapid, flexible and innovative machine with the ability to help warfighters adapt to battlefield surprise.