JIDO's History

JIEDDO grew out of the Army and Joint IED Task Forces, which were a direct response to insurgents’ shifting tactics and improvising explosive devices as their fires systems. The task forces marched forward under the banner to “Stop the Bleeding” caused by this pervasive weapon. As the IED threat spread like a virus, iterating and becoming an evident problem in multiple theaters, the need for a greater approach resulted in the founding of JIEDDO in 2006 reporting to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

Under the founding DoD Directive 2000.19E on February 14, 2006, the mission for the newborn JIEDDO was to “focus (lead, advocate, coordinate) all Department of Defense actions in support of the Combatant Commanders’ and their respective Joint Task Forces’ efforts to defeat Improvised Explosive Devices as weapons of strategic influence.” A mission that JIEDDO doggedly and creatively followed.

Under its active leadership and through its dedicated workforce, JIEDDO rapidly fielded a plethora of solutions to mitigate and attempt to defeat the IED problem. As it fielded these tools to help warfighters adapt, the importance of warfighter proficiency for fielded kit became apparent. In response, JIEDDO created another pillar – train the force – to help rotating deployers understand counter-IED kit, tactics, techniques and procedures. Breaking the “All Quite on the Western Front” cycle of training stateside greatly enhanced soldier survivability. However, JIEDDO’s leadership quickly came to realize that it was not enough to just defeat the device. Attacking the network with advanced analysis and fusion of intelligence with operational data became a third pillar of action for JIEDDO. These three pillars, or lines of operations – attack the network, defeat the device, and train the force – worked in concert to create a 360-degree counter-IED support system for the warfighter. The greatest accomplishments of JIEDDO lay in these three cogs spinning together to solve the problem at hand with a holistic approach.

As the campaign in Afghanistan surged and Iraq slowed, JIEDDO focused its effort upstream of the threat to deprive the enemy of IED precursor material, making use of a community of stakeholders across government, industry, the coalition, academia and others to protect U.S. interests.

JIEDDO’s history is complex and storied, filled with people who exhibited dedication, adaptability, innovation, and speed — components that were recognized by the Department when it chose to retain the uniqueness of JIEDDO as a capability for the future.

In March, 2015, JIEDDO became the newest defense agency, designated a combat support agency, and nested it within the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology & Logistics. In the process, the new unit was renamed the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Agency (JIDA) Doing so made it a permanent part of the Department of Defense.

The name JIDO recognizes the need to sustain efforts that enable the defeat of improvised threats globally, and further enable troops’ preparation to counter such threats when they arise. The name preserves JIEDDO’s warfighter-recognized brand, keeps its purpose to rapidly provide capabilities to a joint force, and informs a proactive, threat-defeat approach. JIDO is an enduring capability bringing to bear a rapid, flexible and innovative machine with the ability to help warfighters adapt to battlefield surprise.

At the direction of Congress in 2015 to gain efficiencies in the Department’s headquarters functions, DoD transitioned JIDA to the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization as a single joint organization under the authority, direction, and control of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) on Oct. 1, 2016.