During the Cold War, the Soviet Union military industrial complex concentrated on becoming a biological superpower by transforming viruses and bacteria to weapons of war. Industrial scale biological weapons facilities were built to win the germ war arms race.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, newly independent Republics were faced with the challenge of dealing with deadly pathogens at sites left unprotected and vulnerable to theft.
The Nunn-Lugar Biological Threat Reduction program went beyond the initial focus of the CTR program and sought to dismantle this massive biological WMD research, development and production infrastructure.
The program operates within an interagency framework to prevent the proliferation of expertise, materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to the development of biological weapons. DTRA has carried out implementation of the biothreat reduction projects in Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine.
Over the years, the BTRP has made significant contributions to international and homeland security. Assistance to partners across the former Soviet Union has been provided to:
Today, ongoing work also emphasizes cooperation and collaborative research with institutes and scientists to strengthen the detection and diagnosis of highly infectious disease outbreaks and related biothreats.
Nunn-Lugar Global Cooperation Initiative Home
Cooperative Threat Reduction Program
How DTRA assisted Albania in eliminating its chemical weapons stockpile
DTRA's support of the Bratislava Nuclear Security Initiative
Chemical weapons destruction site at Shchuch'ye completed
CTR Biological Threat Reduction
Nunn-Lugar CTR Scorecards
For more information on the Biological Threat Reduction Program see: